Plants of the genus Cecropia also rely on insect help. For example vines quickly grow up the trunks and branches of trees to reach sunlight. These roots stick out of the mud or water like snorkels. The water is used not only by the plant itself, but also by many rainforest animals. We hope that you have enjoyed learning about some of the amazing plants in the tropical rainforest. The equator is an imaginary line that stretches around the centre of the Earth. Many of these plants are used in cancer fighting drugs. Other plants in the rainforest that thrive on the lower levels are ferns and herbs. Because of this, many rainforest trees have developed what are known as ‘buttress roots’. The Amazon Rainforest itself is home to more than 40,000 plant species! These thick, woody plants have roots in the ground and wrap themselves around other plants in order to reach the sunlight. These are roots that grow out of the trunk above the ground before extending downwards into the soil. The most common tree in the Amazon Rainforest is the açai (Euterpe precatoria). There isn’t much difference between summer and winter. Aquatic plants have floating leaves in which chlorophyll is restricted only on the top surface which is green in color. A fascinating fact about the rainforests is that the tropical rainforests supply the high amounts of oxygen that we take in today. They also have a multitude of uses for man. One of the plants in the tropical rainforest that has developed a special relationship with an insect is the Bucket Orchid. Mangrove forests are tropical forests that grow where the soil is waterlogged for long periods of time. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Lianas are rainforest vines. In order to get the sunlight that they need, plants have to be able to grow faster, or to have bigger leaves, than their neighbours. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! In Central American rainforests, rival strawberry poison dart frogs might wrestle for up to 20 minutes! The ‘peach palm’ of Brazil produces up to 300 peach-like fruits a season. The high humidity and rainfall contribute to lush greenery. The soil in the rainforest does not have many nutrients. Like buttress roots, they give the trees more stability. Bromeliads are a family of flowering plants. Rainforest facts . This is just another example of the strange and beautiful plants and animals that live hidden in rainforests. Rainforest plants are used to produce numerous products. Plants need water to survive; however in the rainforest the problem is not that there is not enough water but that there is often too much. It is only found in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra, and is the world’s largest flower. We love this stop motion animation by Jamie Quinlan reminding us of the huge array of plants and creatures that live in the world's rainforests and some ways in which you can help us to protect them. Rainforest Plants. Amazon Rainforest is a home for thousands of plant and animal species. Bromeliads have a tight rosette of spiky leaves. Many of the medicines we use derive some of their ingredients from rainforest plants. In fact, nearly two-thirds of the world’s flowering plants are found in rainforests. No sunlight on the ground Thick Canopy of Trees. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! Tropical rainforests are found near the equator. This is because the few nutrients that are available in the soil are found near the surface. That means it didn’t exist in the time of the dinosaurs who died about 65 million years ago. Epiphytes are extremely common in tropical rainforests. Lianas are rainforest vines. They often occur near the coast. These trees have developed buttress roots. Many plants have waxy leaves that help repel the rain. Kids can find ferns and herbs outside of the rainforest in many non-tropical areas. Orchids are flowering plants which are found all over the world. According to the Encyclopedia of Earth, rainforest environments produce four general categories of plant types--savannahs, shrub lands, woodlands and scrub lands. Plants and animals have adapted to live in one particular layer of the rainforest. Well, you’re about to find out thanks to these 14 interesting facts about the Amazon Rainforest… The Amazon is thought to be more than 55 million years old! There are more than around 80,000 different species of Rainforest plants, and these include flowers with special features and adaptations, trees with the unique root system, shrubs, bushes, and many vines that are utilized by man either for commercial or food purposes. You can find out more about rainforests at our main rainforest page. Example of aquatic plants (underwater plants) are water lily, lotus, duckweed, giant Salvinia, etc. A lot. There are thousands of butterfly species found in the Tropical Rainforest Biome. Bucket Orchids have co-evolved with Orchid Bees, and neither could exist without the other. But it’s not all about keeping animals away. They also help to spread out the tree’s roots over a large area, allowing it to obtain more nutrients. Many orchids that grow in the tropical rainforest are epiphytes. The Amazon Rainforest alone boasts of over 40,000 plant species. Join us as we discover one of our planet’s most fascinating habitats, teeming with wildlife and incredible ecosystems in our awesome facts about rainforests! There is little sunlight on the forest floor so many rainforest plants have to adapt to the low light. Copyright © 2020 Facts about Australian Rainforests 10: World Heritage area. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! An estimated 80% of the world’s diet originated from rainforest plants. They get nutrients from plant debris and bird droppings that land on their roots and are not dependent on the poor soil of the forest. This single manufacturing plant consumes 2,000 tons of surrounding rainforest wood every day to produce 55 megawatts of electricity to run the plant. Near the equator, the atmosphere is hot and humid. However, while collecting the oil, a bee will often fall into the flower’s bucket. The nutrients come from dead plant material such as decomposing leaves on the forest floor. You can see a video of a Rafflesia below. 70% of the plants found in Amazon Rainforest can help treat cancer. The bee is trapped in the orchid long enough for the wax that holds the pollen to the bee’s body to set. (Photosynthesis is the process by which trees obtain food from sunlight. The high humidity and plentiful rain of the rainforest enable some plants to actually grow without soil. Below are 45+ Facts on Tropical Rainforests Fact 1: Rainforests only cover around 2 percent the total surface area of the Earth and about 6% of the Earth‘s land surface, but about 50 percent of all known species of the plants and animals on the earth live in the rainforest. Some of the most useful plants in the tropical rainforest are palms. Many plant stores carry ferns as houseplants and herb plants … These tall trees, which can push through the rainforest canopy to form the emergent layer, rely on their wide roots for stability. General Rainforest Plant Facts Two thirds of the earths plant species are found in tropical rainforests. Tropical rainforests house a broad range of plant species. Kapok trees (Ceiba pentandra) have buttress roots. Plants need sunlight to survive; the thick vegetation of the upper layers of the forest allows little sunlight to reach the rainforest floor. 2. The soil in most rainforest is very poor and lacking in nutrients. Rainforest Animals List with Pictures & Facts, Clouded Leopard Facts For Kids & Students: Pictures, Information & Video, Animals That Start With L: List With Pictures & Facts, Desert Animals: A List Of Animals That Live In The Desert With Pictures & Facts – Plus FREE question sheet, Nine-Banded Armadillo Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Bighorn Sheep Facts: Discover The Largest Sheep Native To North America, American Alligator Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. Epiphytes are plants that grow on other plants. Epiphytes. There are around 2,800 palm species in the world. Some tropical rainforest plants are poisonous, some have thorns, some have thick bark and others have tough leaves. Tropical rainforests, such as the Amazon Rainforest in South America, Daintree Rainforest in Australia, and the Congo Rainforest in Africa, are home to an incredible number of plants. You can see examples of prop roots in a mangrove swamp in the video below: Trees in mangrove forests also have roots that grow upwards from under the ground. Plants like fungus that kids might find on rocks thrive at the bottom of the rainforest. These plants are known as epiphytes or air plants. Lianas - these are woody vines that have roots in … The plant grows as a vine either on its own or as a parasite on other plants. Rainforest climates are typically very hot and humid, but the rainforest plants and animals living there have learned to adapt to these extremes. Rainforest Facts — Facts about the Rainforest Summary Rainforests are one of the most precious ecosystems on Earth. The fruit has twice the food value of banana and more protein and carbohydrate than maize. There is the emergent layer, which includes only the very tallest trees growing above the canopy layer. Palms can be trees, shrubs or vines. When we talk about rainforest facts, some foods we eat like chocolate, pineapple, and medicines we use are derived from rainforest plants and animals, and there are some ingredients which are only found in the rainforest climate. Some plants such as the Strangler Fig actually start life high in the canopy, thus capturing needed sunlight immediately. Many other rainforest plants are harvested for food. It is thought that there are over 15,000 species in Central and South American tropical rainforests. To capture the richer nutrients of the top soil most rainforest trees have shallow roots. However, it only makes up 1% (5 billion) of the 390 billion trees in the region! In return, the ants protect the plants from other insect predators. There are more 200 rare plants inside the Australian rainforest protected under the world Heritage. Plant and animal adaptations Plant adaptations. These products include fruit, coffee, cacao (for making chocolate), rubber, dyes, rice, wood, and gums. As we’ve seen, many palm species have uses ranging from building materials to lipstick. Bucket Orchids are found in Central and South America. In tropical regions, more than 2 metres of rain falls every year. A colourful entry to the tropical rainforest plants list, Bougainvilleas are native to South America. Orchids have three petals and three sepals (sepals are the outer parts of the flower. The plants of the rainforest are involved in the gas exchanges which provide a great deal of the worlds oxygen supply by recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. On this page we’ll discover some of the plants in the tropical rainforest. One of the most amazing plants in the tropical rainforest is the Rafflesia arnoldii. Many bromeliads are epiphytes, growing in the canopy of tropical rainforests. They are grown as ornamental plants in other areas. One hectare of rainforest (the size of an average rugby field) can contain 42,000 species of insects, 807 trees of 317 different species, and 1500 species of higher plants. They collect an oily substance from the flower’s bucket that helps them attract female bees. Plants that live in the rainforest must be able to survive in areas that receive a lot of rain and may even flood. Amazon Rainforest covers almost 7 million square kilometres. See a list of amazing rainforest plants here. Rainforest vegetation is being destroyed by humans at an alarming rate. Many also thrive in full-sun and allow you to establish fire resistant, shady gardens.Page 1 Evergreen shrubs and small trees are characteristic of shrub land environments. Rainforests are dense and contain the largest diversity of animals, plants and insects. Within each setting, rainforest plants can develop adaptations specific to their own environment. A favorite plant and flower to find in the Amazon Rainforest, the monkey brush (Combretum rotundifolium) has a unique appearance. There are over 27,000 species of orchid. Water is collected in the cylinder formed by the leaves. Orchids have a lower petal that is longer than the others. They widen the base of the tree, making it more stable in the thin soil. Many rainforest palms (including the acai) are grown for their edible fruit, which are used to flavour fruit drinks and ice cream. 10 Rainforest Plant Facts: Some plants in the rainforest can grow without soil thanks to the high humidity and heavy rainfall. All Rights Reserved.