Inside of Mesoglae (sac) is the GVC. Term. The inner tissue layer of a cnidarian polyp, larva or medusa. All cnidarians show the presence of two membrane layers in the body that are derived from the endoderm and ectoderm of the embryo. Cnidaria also depend on the cilia that line the GVC to move fluid and nutrients throughout the body. 4.12): Cnidarians are carnivorous animals that possess muscle, nervous, reproductive and digestive tissues. The body wall of a cnidarian consists of three layers, an outer layer known as the epidermis, a middle layer called the mesoglea, and an inner layer referred to as the gastrodermis. ... Cnidaria have no organs (at the tissue level of organization) Term. Gastrovascular cavity: Definition. The epidermis contains a collection of different types of cells. Endomesoderm. % Figure 15.2.4: Cnidarians have two distinct body plans, the (a) medusa and the (b) polyp. Circulatory System: Cnidaria do not have a circulatory system but it is replaced by diffusion across different germ layers, including that of the GVC. Name the stinging cells present on the tentacles that are unique to cnidarians. Body wall (Fig. What type of symmetry is seen in the hydra? Type of Symmetry: The animals within phylum Cnidaria have Radial symmetry. In other cnidarians, both a polyp and medusa form exist, and the life cycle alternates between these forms. Hermaphrodite. How many tentacles does your hydra specimen contain? They are diploblastic animals and have a more complex level of organization than Porifera. The outer tissue layer of a cnidarian polyp, larva or medusa. Germ Layers: Cnidarians are diploblastic animals, i.e., derived only from two embryonic germ layers, viz., ectoderm and endoderm. Acoelomate vs. Coelomate vs. Pseudocoelomate: Many animals have a body cavity. The representatives of Phylum Cnidaria have radial or biradial symmetrical body. Examine slides of Hydra (phylum Cnidaria, a diploblastic animal) and Lumbricus (the common earthworm, phylum Annelida, a triploblastic animal) and see if you can identify and label the tissue layers. Which phyla have only two germ layers? 5. Muscle tissues (ectodermal) Definition. connects with the outside through the mouth. Can you find the hydra tentacles? How many germ layers does the hydra contain? a sac. Cnidaria have two germ layers and they are the endoderm and ectoderm. A specialized polyp within a hydrozoan colony that forms only medusae or gametes. 6. A germ layer in animal embryos that can give rise to either endoderm or mesoderm. jelly-like layer between 2 germ layers. Explain the movement of the hydra if live specimens are available. Level of Organization: They are the first multicellular animals from evolution point of view which show tissue level of organization. Gonozooid. 4. All cnidarians have two tissue layers, with a jelly-like mesoglea between them. Endoderm. About 99 % cnidarians are marine species and few inhabit in freshwater.