First, there are tons of different kinds that you can grow (and collect!). As a cane begonia, the plant’s thick stems hold a bit of water and don’t like wet conditions. In that case, move it to a shadier location. Start tuberous begonias inside 3 months before your last frost in the spring for best blooming results. Begonia Maculata does very well in a mixture of sand, clay, and loamy soil inside a pot with good drainage. They can be a bit difficult to grow from seed, but it’s fun to experiment. are available in many different varieties, including Rex, wax, tuberous and cane-stemmed types. Then gradually increase the dose, so you’re feeding them weekly as part of your regular begonia plant care routine during the summer. All content found on this website is copyrighted materials and any form of reproduction is strictly prohibited. The Begonias are native to moist subtropical and tropical climates. Bring in bedding begonias that were growing outside to grow inside for the winter. Instead of liquids, you could mix a granular fertilizer into the soil a couple of times throughout the summer, if you prefer. Try running a humidifier near them, or place them on a pebble tray filled with water (don’t allow them to sit in the water though). Therefore, in areas where summers are exceptionally hot, plant wax begonias where they will get afternoon shade. Check hanging baskets of begonias frequently as they can dry out in one day. Varieties grown outdoors can grow between six inches to three feet tall. Troubleshooting Common Begonia Care Problems, How To Grow Hydrangeas: Complete Care Guide, Bird Of Paradise Plant Care & Growing Guide, Here’s how to overwinter tuberous begonias, How To Care For A Pothos Plant (Devil’s Ivy), 17 Of The Best Office Plants For Your Workspace, 15 Easy Indoor Plants That Anyone Can Grow, How To Fertilize Houseplants: The Ultimate Guide, Terms Of Use, Disclaimer and Privacy Policy. Growing begonias is fun, and you can enjoy them both in your garden or indoors. Choose a spot in your garden that has rich, well-draining soil. Keep reading to get all the deets…. You could certainly use general purpose potting soil, and that will usually work just fine for them. Begonia Care Guide Light. If you follow these begonia plant care tips, they will thrive for years to come. Can I nick it’s stems to get new leaves to grow? Some are adored for their gorgeous flowers, and others for their amazing foliage colors and patterns. This will allow your growing begonias to get the humidity they need indoors without water logging the soil or exposing the leaves to excess moisture that could cause disease. But some begonias are sensitive to this, so be sure to test it on a few leaves before washing the whole plant. All Begonias types just need a good bright location out of direct sunlight and they're all set to grow, look beautiful and flower happily. Begonia Care In general, tuberous begonias are best suited to growing in containers and hanging baskets, and are bought as dormant tubers from January to the end of March, while fibrous-rooted begonias are used in summer bedding schemes and are available as seeds, garden-ready plugs and container grown plants. If you want to learn how to grow plants indoors through the coldest months of the year, then my Winter Houseplant Care eBook is for you! Sometimes called painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias, these plants are known for their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration. The best time to repot is in the spring, but only do it once they’ve outgrown the container. Learn everything there is to know about them in this detailed begonia plant care guide. Your pot should roughly fit the size of your plant--you want to keep root growth in mind but do not want the pot to be overly large. It is important to remember that some types of begonias are grown for their brilliantly colored flowers, while other begonias are enjoyed for their unique and beautiful foliage. Remove dead flowers. If you think that begonias are only good for growing in your garden, think again! Escargot begonias (Begonia rex) are a variety of rex begonia that produces spiral-shaped foliage that curls around at the base of the leaf. Indoors they do have a greater risk for fungal problems and rot if the leaves get wet. How to Grow Strawberry Begonia Though it is not a true begonia or even a kind of strawberry, the strawberry begonia is a popular houseplant. Some begonias need more sunlight than others, and there are new varieties on the market these days that can even handle full sun. It would also be a good idea to increase the air circulation around the plant to prevent further incidences.”. Do you know if your begonia is a tuberous variety? Light is important, too, but the secret to begonia maculata care is the humidity factor. An indoor humidity monitor is a good tool to use to keep track of how dry the air is. I just read your post on wintering tuberous begonias which was very helpful and answered all my questions! Organic African violet fertilizer also works great for feeding begonias. Begonias are some of the easiest plants to grow in containers. Tuberous varieties are the only ones that can’t be kept as houseplants, they prefer to go dormant during the winter. That means you can grow your favorite varieties for years to come, either indoors or out. Keep the soil consistently moist, and be sure the air around the cutting stays very humid. Begonias come in all shapes and sizes and can be quite intimidating because it has so many details on it. Remove some of the lower leaves, as well as all of the flowers and buds. What should I do? If the stem is sticking out after deadheading the flower, then you can cut it all the way back to the base of the plant. How to care for a Begonia Maculata (Polka dot plant) Begonias are beautiful plants and they're surprisingly easy to take care of. It is available in a variety of colors and sizes and can be grown indoors, outdoors in window boxes, in garden beds, or in hanging baskets. If you have poor-quality soil, you can amend it with worm castings, compost, or an organic all-purpose fertilizer before planting. As I’ve already mentioned, begonias can grow either outside or indoors. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Yaaaas! Heck, many types will even grow great indoors all year round! Will it regrow leaves at the bottom? If you choose to use fluorescent lights, you should place it 6 to 12 inches above your plant. You definitely could try repotting it if it’s been in the same pot for many years. Begonias do best in a home that is kept between 65-75 degrees F. If you want, you can move them outside during the summer to give them a boost. My giant begonia leaves are turning a pale reddish pink all of a sudden and then getting holes in the leaves, then dying, turning brown. They don’t like to be cold, and the shock might be too much for them to survive. This plant is highly susceptible to root rot.As such, it is always best to add a layer of pebbles or broken pieces of terracotta pots to the bottom for better drainage. Clay wicks moisture out of the soil, and it ends up being too dry for growing begonias. Pruning begonias in the fall or winter can result in weak and leggy growth. Tubers can be started indoors by placing the tubers, hollow side up, 1 inch apart in a … Use warm water in a misting bottle. You can buy it in a liquid concentrate, or get tea bags and brew your own. It’s best to look up the exact variety you have if you’re unsure how hardy they are before planting begonias outside. They are not so particular as to soil pH but I recommend a neutral to slightly acidic growers mix.. What I mean by rich soil is that whatever store-bought soil or personal mix you use it should be improved with compost right away. Yes, they are easy to grow, as long as you give begonias the right care. If growing tuberous begonias for show the female flowers can be removed but there is no need to do... Propagation. But, if you don’t know the variety you have, then it’s a good idea to protect them from frost to be safe. Once you’ve found a good location and prepped your soil, dig holes the size of your begonias’ containers spaced about 12 to 18 inches apart. Dig them before the first frost and pot them. All begonia plants have asymmetrical leaves, thick succulent Learn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant." Steamy environs mimic its native habitat. Or you could try giving it some organic fertilizer, if it’s never been fed. This usually isn’t a concern when they’re growing... Sunlight. Annual Begonia Care. See indoor care above. You can also place them in a location where they get dappled sunlight all day. At a high level, there are four common types of begonia plants: The different kinds of begonias don’t all require the exact same care. Wait three months before fertilizing if the potting mix you used contained fertilizer. Don’t let the soak for too long though, only to the point where the soil is moist again. In general, they prefer a partial shade location where they are protected from the intense afternoon rays. It’s not necessary to fertilize most plants during the winter because they’re doing less growing and many go dormant. See notes on how to start them. This group includes the Rex Begonia hybrids. That’s because they like to... Humidity. Hi. Always use a container that has drainage holes to prevent overwatering. These hardy plants have blooms and leaves with varying colors, textures, and sizes, making them work in any garden setting. They were doing great for some time now, are planted outside in a flower bed under a tree. It’ll show you everything you need to know in order to keep them thriving all year round! No matter where you choose to grow them, the good news is that the basic begonia plant care requirements are the same for all types. An African violet potting mix also works well for growing begonias. If you don’t see the answer to your question here, then ask it in the comments below. Regular pruning is a great way to keep begonias growing and looking their best. Growing begonias in African violet pots is a great way to make bottom watering easy, and it will also help prevent overwatering. To enjoy your flowering Begonia for as long as possible, it is advisable to remove dead flowers. Begonias will benefit from regular feedings during their active growing season (spring and summer). The Begonia maculata likes bright, indirect sunlight. Begonia leaves come in a … Stop fertilizing begonias in the fall, and don’t feed them at all during the winter. Begonias aren’t super fussy about the type of soil they’re planted in. Move it closer to the window, or add a grow light. There are several things you can do to help increase the humidity to a level that will make your begonias happy. Begonia plants look great in hanging baskets, placed on a table, or on a warm windowsill. Most begonias bought at nurseries will be labeled as indoor plants or outdoor plants. Rather than watering begonias on a set schedule, you should always check to make sure they need it first. Remove the small flowers of Rex type begonias as they start to bloom to concentrate the plants energy on foliage. Bring them indoors for the winter. Gently remove the Rex begonia from its nursery pot, handling the root system with care, and place in the middle of the new container. Begonia is frost tender and a consistent temperature above 50°F is required. If so, then it sounds to me like it’s going dormant, which is totally normal. Most begonias grow best outdoors in partial shade or dappled sunlight. Some species are commonly grown indoors as ornamental houseplants in cooler climates. When to Plant. Proper watering is one of the most difficult parts of successful begonia plant care. Proper watering is one of the most difficult parts of successful begonia plant care. My brand new book Vertical Vegetables is now available for purchase!! Begonia rex should be watered when the soil or pot feels dry, but don’t wait until the plant starts to wilt. When it’s time for repotting begonias, be certain to choose a container that is only one size larger than the current one. Luckily, nothing is further from the truth. Try to avoid planting begonias in areas with strong wind, as they have weak stems that can be damaged by large gusts of wind. By Hazelle C. / Plants / updated July 12, 2020. Begonias are believed to have originated in Brazil, but some are also found earlier in Mexico and even China. Watering correctly is important in the care of begonias. I put it in the basement (I live in MN too) and spring when I put it back outside it grows the stems back and blooms…. It is native to Japan, South Korea and China. Begonia Nonstop Plant Care Instructions Soil. Some are hardier than others though, so it’s important to know the ideal climate for each variety that you have. In this article, I’m going to give you tons of care and maintenance tips, show you how to fix common problems, answer your FAQs, and much more! I recommend pinching out the new growth on top. Here’s what you’ll find in this comprehensive begonia plant care guide…. When you take care of begonias, make sure that you only water them when they need to be watered. Sharing is caring! There are two main categories of cultivated begonias based on growth habits. But if they do appear, it’s best to treat them by hand rather than spraying anything on your begonias. Begonia should be planted about 7 to 10 inches apart. Begonias can either be grown as houseplants, or you can overwinter the tubers – depending on what type you have. Promptly empty drained water from trays and saucers. Transplant your seedlings when you are certain all risk of frost has passed. Noted for its ornate foliage, Begonia Tiger Paws' (Eyelash Begonia) is an evergreen, rhizomatous perennial mostly grown for its striking foliage of small, chocolate to bronze-red leaves, adorned with bright green, paw-like markings. Follow these best tips for begonia care, and you can enjoy the blooms of your soon-to-be favorite plant spring through fall. In this section, I will answer some of the most frequently asked questions about begonia care. Among the various types of begonias, the Begonia rex are some of the most beautiful and stunning plants. Their undersides and juicy stems are wine-red. A pot that is too large can lead to using too much soil. To do that, simply fill the plant tray or cache pot, and allow the soil to soak it up through the drainage holes. Indoors, you should grow begonias in a spot where they get bright, indirect light. The flowering types struggle in dark or very poorly lit areas where as the Begonias grown purely for foliage fair a little better. It can be a difficult balance. Your email address will not be published. Begonias should also be kept in a relatively humid environment. Those require a period of winter dormancy each year. Begonia care: Particularities. Many times you can wash the leaves with a diluted mild liquid soap and water. Begonias (Begonia spp.) Once the weather gets too cold outside, you can bring your begonias indoors, and grow them as houseplants. They appreciate having their topsoil dry out between waterings. However, there are new cultivars that have been bred to grow in the full sun. It blooms all summer and then after I take it indoors the stems all fall off and just leave the huge bulb! A good quality organic compost fertilizer is always a great choice. There’s no doubt that they add tons of color to the garden, but many varieties can also be kept indoors as houseplants. The Angel Wing Begonia is a common example. When a pot contains too much soil, it can lead to soggy soil that could potentially ‘drown’ your plant roots and kill your begonia. Like most tropical plants, begonias like a lot of humidity. The Begonia plant is quite versatile. Begonia, grown at home, needs constant. See the “Bringing Begonias Indoors For Winter” section above for details. Feeding your plant monthly during its growing months will keep the leaves looking nice and healthy. Some people also grow begonias in wet stones or small pebbles as a top medium. Mist the foliage of Rex (foliage) type begonias twice a week or provide high humidity to avoid leaf drop. Fibrous root Begonia species have stems that are directly attached to the crown of the plant like that of radish leaves. Read and follow the label’s directions for the amount to use. If it feels wet, then let it dry out a bit more before watering again. Cut the plants back to about 3” to start new growth. Keep in mind that you will need to water your plant more often when you use artificial light. Dump out any water that hasn’t been absorbed after 20 minutes. They can be sensitive to chemicals tough. Outdoors, you can amend your garden soil with compost, worm casting, or peat moss. If the air in your house is dry, especially in the winter, it is a good idea to set your begonia houseplants on a shallow tray filled with pebbles and water. Use an organic water soluble houseplant fertilizer once every four to six weeks through spring and summer. Begonias are wonderful for adding tons of color to a shade garden, or combined in mixed outdoor patio planters. Dip the cut end into rooting hormone, then stick it into a light propagation soil mix (made with peat moss, vermiculite and perlite or pumice). Fill the remainder of the container with the potting mix, carefully firming it up around the begonia and being sure not to plant any deeper than it … Dip a cotton swab in rubbing alcohol, and use it to kill and remove the bugs. Some are only hardy to zone 9, while others can survive in colder climates down to zone 6. You can lift the tubers and store them indoors, if that is the case. This usually isn’t a concern when they’re growing outside, but can be a struggle indoors. Awesome, glad you found the post about overwintering them! You can cut back on water during their dormant period in the winter, watering only when the pot dries out. Also there are hybrids within these groups. So to avoid any issues, it’s a good idea to water begonias from the bottom. Begonias grown indoors are especially susceptible to root rot and overwatering. Should I have pich them at early stage?? Also, pots that are made out of plastic or ceramic are better choices than terracotta. Learn how to overwinter tuberous begonias here. Begonia can be happy in most soil types, but the best type is loose loamy soil that drains well. The plant is known for its shiny and dark green attractive leaves, which are wing-shaped and long, often growing up to 8” inches. Begonias: outdoors Cultivation notes. The plant will not only look beautiful and fresh, but removing dead flowers also allows it to direct all of its energy into producing new flowers. Some begonias are more cold hardy than others. How to Care for an Escargot Begonia Plant. Growing begonia seeds is definitely the hardest (and slowest) form of propagation. There are over a thousand different kinds of begonias, and they come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. If you had a cold spell recently, that could have triggered it. So it really depends on which variety you have. Your email address will not be published. The snail curl pattern is accentuated by the spiralling green, silver and chocolate colors, creating a most arresting display. This group of warm-loving plants was originally found in the forest understory in tropical and subtropical areas. They frequently have large leaves (up to 6 inches long) that are brightly colored in various shades of green, red, silver, and even purple. Learn how to grow big healthy Begonia maculata. Here’s how… How To Overwinter Tuberous Begonias. I have found that it’s much easier to use a propagation chamber to root begonia cuttings, and I’ve had the best success with that. To help the soil retain moisture, or if you tend to under water, add peat moss and/or vermiculite to the mix before planting. Another awesome thing that makes begonia plant care even easier is that they don’t usually have much trouble with houseplant pests. Plant in a location where they will have good air circulation to prevent powdery mildew. Yes, that is totally normal for tuberous begonias (see How To Overwinter Tuberous Begonias). Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. This post may contain affiliate links. Choose an indoor type of begonia. Here’s how to overwinter tuberous begonias. Begonia is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae.The genus contains more than 1,800 different plant species. Repeat the fertilizer application in three months by gently working it in the soil around the plants. You should keep the light on for roughly 12 hours a day, though some begonia growers leave their lights on for 14. Aim for a pH of 5.2 to 6.0. The Begonia maculata is a relatively fast grower and makes an excellent indoor houseplant or terrarium plant. My green thumb comes from my parents, and I've been gardening most of my life. I also noticed this year it doesn’t have as many stems and fewer leaves…. Share; Tweet; Pin; 8 shares. Though they are commonly sold as annual plants in cold climates, begonias are actually tropical perennials that can live for many years. It does have leaves that resemble the begonia's and like the strawberry, reproduces itself by putting out runners that grow baby plants at their ends. Bugs on the leaves are pretty rare. If you are still uncertain of whether or not your plant will work well indoors, ask an employee at your local nursery. Plus it’s fun to collect different varieties, and they are all sure to add tons of color to your home and garden. Mix the fertilizer according to the label’s directions. Tuberous begonias are ideally suited to growing in containers and hanging baskets, whilst fibrous... Pruning and training. Begonia Maculata Care . See the “Growing Begonias Indoors” section above for more details. How to plant: Plant wax begonia transplants 6 to 8 inches apart and others according to their mature size. You can deadhead begonia flowers either way. Is this a fungus? As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. If you put your begonias outside for the summer, make sure you bring them back indoors before it gets too cold, or they could start to suffer. It depends on where you live. An east or west facing window would be the perfect spot. It is a great decorative plant, best combined with other shade-loving bright-colored plants. Humidity is crucial to keeping your rex begonia happy, however, spraying the leaves can lead to spotting. Required fields are marked *. Begonias like to be root-bound, and can struggle if repotted too often.